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Alloy

Two metals mixed together to achieve a unique characteristic 

 

Anvil 

A heavy metalworking piece on which metal objects are hammered or forged

 

Cast Iron

Iron that has high carbon levels and no malleability, it is hard but very brittle; easily cast in a mould

 

Crucible

A container in which metals are melted

 

Drawing

Metalwork process where metal is forced or pulled through a piece of the anvil; used to make wire, bars, tubes, etc.

 

Forge

A brick or stone lined furnace where the smith heats the workpiece to a malleable temperature

 

Forging

The shaping of metal using force

 

Hardening

The process of making metal harder through beating it

 

 

Piercing

Producing a hole in the workpiece

 
Punch

A metal tool used with a hammer to drive pins in a workpiece

 

Quenching

The rapid cooling of a metal piece; typically to harden steel

 

Smelter

A high temperature furnace used to extract metals from their ores

Swaging

Forcing metal into or through a cavity to deform the metal into a different shape

 
Tempering

Making the metal “tougher” by heating or quenching it multiple times

Upsetting

Process of making metal thicker in one dimension through shortening the other

 
Wrought Iron

A common form of malleable iron that is easily welded